George Orwell

Nineteen Eighty-Four: A Novel, often published as 1984, is a dystopian social science fiction novel by English novelist George Orwell. It was published on 8 June 1949 by Secker & Warburg as Orwells ninth and final book completed in his lifetime. Thematically, Nineteen Eighty-Four centres on the consequences of totalitarianism, mass surveillance, and repressive regimentation of persons and behaviours within society. Orwell, himself a democratic socialist, modelled the authoritarian government in the novel after Stalinist Russia. More broadly, the novel examines the role of truth and facts within politics and the ways in which they are manipulated. The story takes place in an imagined future, the year 1984, when much of the world has fallen victim to perpetual war, omnipresent government surveillance, historical negationism, and propaganda. Great Britain, known as Airstrip One, has become a province of a totalitarian superstate named Oceania that is ruled by the Party who employ the Thought Police to persecute individuality and independent thinking. Big Brother, the leader of the Party, enjoys an intense cult of personality despite the fact that he may not even exist. The protagonist, Winston Smith, is a diligent and skillful rank-and-file worker and Outer Party member who secretly hates the Party and dreams of rebellion. He enters into a forbidden relationship with a colleague, Julia, and starts to remember what life was like before the Party came to power. Nineteen Eighty-Four has become a classic literary example of political and dystopian fiction. It also popularised the term Orwellian as an adjective, with many terms used in the novel entering common usage, including Big Brother, doublethink, thoughtcrime, Newspeak, memory hole, 2 + 2 = 5, proles, Two Minutes Hate, telescreen, and Room 101. Time included it on its 100 best English-language novels from 1923 to 2005. It was placed on the Modern Librarys 100 Best Novels, reaching No. 13 on the editors list and No. 6 on the readers list. In 2003, the novel was listed at No. 8 on The Big Read survey by the BBC. Parallels have been drawn between the novels subject matter and real life instances of totalitarianism, mass surveillance, and violations of freedom of expression among other themes.

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Güncel Notlar


5 июн 2019 ... Впрочем, сами термины, придуманные Джорджем Оруэллом для Британии 1984 года (точнее говоря, Взлетной полосы 1, одной из ... В наличии Книга "1984" (Оруэлл Джордж), АСТ в интернет-магазине OZON со скидкой! ✅ Отзывы и фото Быстрая доставка по России.


2020-12-20 · 神奇女侠1984:愿望与谎言的交织,年终的问号由新浪众测网友发布的高质量的生活指南类内容,本文是作者亲身的原创评测体验,为帮助其他网友提供客观中立的消费指南。


1984 (тысяча девятьсот восемьдесят четвёртый) год по григорианскому календарю — високосный год, начинающийся в воскресенье. Это 1984-й год  ...


8 июн 2018 ... 69 лет назад был опубликован знаменитый роман Джорджа Оруэлла "1984". LIGA.net напоминает лучшие цитаты. антиутопия, джордж ...


6 May 2019 ... As we rush towards an ever more Orwellian world of surveillance and censorship , perhaps we might all take the time to reread 1984 in order to ... 1984» – это не навсегда - Взгляд vz.ru/opinions/2019/6/8/981626.html